When copper is annealed some of its molecules want to diffuse into the dielectric; unfortunately, this diffusion reduces the insulation and degrades mechanical and thermal properties. To prevent Cu diffusion, “cap” layers of another metal are placed as a barrier between the copper and polyimide. These metal barriers also enhance the copper-polyimide adhesion.

The YES process uses a 20 angstrom layer of AminoPropylTriEthoxySilane (APTES) as a barrier layer. While a 1,000 angstrom wide copper trench using 200 angstroms for a barrier metal layer wastes 40% of the available copper volume, using 20 angstroms of APTES as a barrier layer only utilizes 4% of the available copper volume. Tests of APTES show increased copper to low-k adhesion without deterioration (up to 450°C).

Because an oxide quickly forms on copper exposure to air, post-CMP cleaning and stripping of the oxide is necessary before the next process step. It’s also essential to remove all copper residues from the surrounding dielectric field to keep residues from acting as troublesome nucleation sites.

Thorough copper oxide removal can be achieved through plasma cleaning, utilizing a product such as the YES-CV200RF or the YES-G1000.

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News & Updates

  • October 23-24, 2018 - Visit YES at Booth #7 at the International Wafer Level Packaging Conference at the San Jose Doubletree Hotel.
  • October 1-3, 2018 - Visit YES at Booth # 8 at Lab On a Chip at the Coronado Island Marriott Resort & Spa (San Diego, CA).
  • August 31, 2018 - YES Signs Scientech Corporation as New Sales Rep for China, Taiwan and SE Asia Read more »
  • July 10-12, 2018 - Visit YES at SEMICON West in South Hall Booth #810 in San Francisco, CA
  • May 29-31, 2018 - Visit YES at Booth #202 at ECTC in San Diego, CA.
  • May 7-9, 2018 - Visit YES at Booth #100 at CSManTech in Austin, Texas.
  • October 23, 2017- YES is exhibiting at two upcoming trade shows promoting the benefits of dielectric vacuum cure ovens in FOWLP. Read more »
  • June 30, 2017 - YES Will Be an Exhibitor and Sponsor at Microelectronics Tradeshow
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  • May 5, 2017 - YES CEO to Participate as a Panelist
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  • January 20, 2017 - YES Highlighted in Online Commentary
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  • September 23, 2016 - YES Exhibiting at Two Upcoming Tradeshows
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  • August 9, 2016 - YES Featured in Two Trade Magazines
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Other Updates


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About Our Company

Located in Livermore, California, Yield Engineering Systems (YES) is a privately held company that manufactures engineering process control equipment to meet the needs of innovative engineers and lab managers.

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